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FCW : August 15, 2013
ID management: Biometrics Management and Budget directive that seeks to further the implementation of HSPD-12 by making PIV credentials the common means of authentication for access to agency facilities, networks and information systems. Furthermore, Williams said coordinating numerous bio- metric identi ers can be complicated, and information stor- age for such a huge project is potentially costly. He added that another big challenge for DHS is keeping its systems ef cient and up-to-date. Other large identity man- agement programs use increasingly effective commercial software to do that, and DHS could take the same approach. But Williams added that avoiding proprietary solutions and other forms of technology lock-in is essential for DHS. A model for other agencies DHS plans got a boost from the National Institute of Stan- dards and Technology in mid-July. After a long delay, NIST released speci cations for iris recognition capabilities under Federal Information Processing Standard 201-2 --- the lat- est installment in a series of NIST publications that provide technical guidance for complying with HSPD-12. By consulting the FIPS 201-2 publication, federal agen- cies can implement standards-based biometrics and identity management solutions that are accurate and interoperable, said Charles Romine, director of NIST s Information Tech- nology Laboratory. The recently released guidelines include speci cations for federal agencies to use iris recognition as an optional add-on for authentication of their PIV card- holders, Romine said. The publication also describes technical acquisition and formatting speci cations for the biometric credentials of the PIV system, including the PIV card itself. The special- ized format requirements for iris images are based on the international standard for compact storage, he added. DHS declined to provide speci cs about its plans for its new identity management system, but agency spokeswoman Marsha Catron said DHS continues to implement HSPD-12, which works to improve the secure, reliable identi cation of federal employees and contractors. If DHS is successful in implementing its biometric ID program, it could provide a model for other agencies. For instance, Williams said the national wireless communica- tions network for rst responders that the National Telecom- munications and Information Administration is spearhead- ing will need some kind of identi er for users to access it. He added that because DHS operations touch such a wide range of areas --- including border security, air travel and emergency response --- it is a trend-setter for organizations at all levels of government and in industry. DHS is "moving to a new world," Williams said. ■ 18 August 15, 2013 FCW.COM ID MANAGEMENT ON A NATIONAL SCALE Think an agencywide project is daunting? These countries are pursuing biometric-based IDs for every citizen. Research by Natalie Lauri Sources: Daon, IBM Institute for Business Value, and McKinsey and Co. Mexico s government is working with Unisys and Mexican telecommuni- cations company Axtel to enroll citizens in a national ID program using iris, ngerprint and facial biometrics. Brazil, which has long issued national ID cards, began introduc- ing biometric versions in 2011. By 2018, Brazil- ians might be able to vote using thumbprints for identity veri cation. The United Kingdom canceled its national identity program in 2011 and destroyed all the per- sonal data it had collected, including photographs and ngerprint biometrics. The Unique Identi cation Authority of India provides digital ID numbers to all citizens, with an average enrollment of 1 million people per day. Australia s Department of Immigration and Citizenship gives employees access to identity-related information and a single view of a client s dealings with the department. In Denmark, each citizen gets a personal identi cation number that is used in all interactions with government agencies. Austria is creating a cen- tral, online repository of citizens data, which will be updated in real time.
July 30, 2013
August 30, 2013