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FCW : June 15, 2014
that there is no confusion about how or whether it can be repurposed and distributed. In general, there are two options that meet the open de nitions for licensing public data: public domain and share-alike. Much like the original eight open-government principles established in 2007, Open Knowledge outlines 11 condi- tions that must be met for data to qualify as open. (The White House has seven similar princi- ples.) Those conditions relate to access, redistribution, reuse, attri- bution, integrity and distribution of license. They also specify that there should be no discrimination against people, groups or elds of endeavor; there should be no technological restrictions; and a license must not be speci c to a package or restrict the distribution of other works. "In most jurisdictions, there are intellectual property rights in data that prevent third parties from using, reusing and redistrib- uting data without explicit permis- sion," Open Knowledge states in its "Open Data Handbook." "Even in places where the existence of rights is uncertain, it is important to apply a license simply for the sake of clarity. Thus, if you are planning to make your data avail- able, you should put a license on it --- and if you want your data to be open, this is even more important." The chief data of cer s role As open data s importance grows, an of cial government function has evolved in the form of the chief data of cer. Cities, states, federal agencies and even countries are beginning to establish of cial roles to oversee open-data implementation. Municipalities (San Francisco, Chicago, Philadelphia), federal agencies (Federal Communications Commission, Federal Reserve Board), states (Colorado, New York) and countries (France) have, had or plan to have an executive-level chief data of cer. According to Project Open Data s sample position description, the chief data of cer is "part data strategist and adviser, part steward for improving data quality, part evangelist for data sharing, part technologist, and part developer of new data products." As with the newly popular chief innovation of cer, the verdict is still out on whether that role and title will be widely adopted or will simply fall under the auspices of the agency CIO or CTO. Building an open- data strategy As governments begin to exe- cute sustainable, successful open-data plans, Data.gov s Holm recommends that agen- cies create teams of key stake- holders composed not just of policy-makers but also inter- nal data owners, including contractors and partners. The teams should think strategically about their mission and what they want to accomplish, and brainstorm how others might use the data. For example, the Interior Department announced the creation of a Data Services Board responsible for the agen- cy s data practices, saying in a September 2013 memo that "it is crucial that this activity include mission and program individuals as well as IT spe- cialists so that the entire data life cycle can be addressed and managed appropriately." Holm recommends that such teams meet every two to four weeks to accomplish their work and determine an appropriate frequency for get- ting together to maintain momentum. As more and more innovative government executives begin to strategize about the treasure trove of public infor- mation that could be set free and transform the way we live, the ecosystem s potential is unlimited. ■ Luke Fretwell is a California-based entrepreneur and writer, and founder of the civic technology, open- government blog "GovFresh." 30 June 15, 2014 FCW.COM ExecTe c h Recommended reading and online resources • "The Annotated 8 Principles of Open Government Data" (opengovdata.org) • "The Data Journalism Handbook" edited by Jonathan Gray, Liliana Bounegru and Lucy Chambers (datajournalismhandbook.org) • "Guide to Open Data Licensing" (opende nition.org/guide/data) • "Making Your Data Open: A Guide" published by the Open Data Commons (opendatacommons.org/guide) • "The Open Data Handbook" published by the Open Knowledge Foundation (opendatahandbook.org) • "Open Data Now" by Joel Gurin (opendatanow.com) • Open De nition (opende nition.org) • "Open Government Data" by Joshua Tauberer (opengovdata.io) • Project Open Data (project-open-data. github.io)
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July 15, 2014